The pandemic forced a new way of working. Organizations transitioned millions of staff, fast-tracking remote work. Across the globe, executives doubled-down on cloud migration and digitization. Some dubbed it the shift from “cloud speed to COVID speed.”
As challenging as the year was, new opportunities emerged. Corporates reprioritized cyber resilience to deal with new and increased attack surface. While the pandemic exposed tool, practice, and mindset shortcomings, it also spurred product innovation and partnerships. Often, enterprises transformed overnight.
Time will tell what 2021 holds. But new mindsets, rapid innovation, and advanced persistent threats signal significant changes for identity and security professionals. For this eBook, we examined research and collected insights from cybersecurity experts, system integrators, and technology providers. We also connect practical action steps to each trend. With these in mind, here are eight trends worth following.
The mass and sudden transition to remote work was even difficult for the most vigilant CISOs. Moving millions of workers from secure corporate networks to WFH exposed vulnerabilities – and expanded attack vectors for threat actors.
In 2021, Forrester predicts that insider incidents will be responsible for 33% of breaches, nearly a double-digit increase over last year. Their study cites three contributors:
“CISOs cannot control and manage network security settings, see users router settings or assess connection security. As corporate perimeters crumble, the need for endpoint security health and user behavior analysis grows more urgent.”
– Yash Prakash, Chief Operating Officer at Saviynt
A Ponemon Institute study confirms that personal device use and remote collaboration spurred new attacks. Consider:
Last year, COVID-19 had a profound effect on physical health. In 2021, we believe it may have a similarly devastating impact on organizational health.
Remote work is only one facet of enterprise movement to the cloud. Other workload migrations are underway as companies capitalize on the flexibility, elasticity, and scalability of cloud services. However, the variety of cloud service models in use introduce a new set of challenges. In particular, we see issues related to expanding SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS adoption:
Critical business functions such as ERP, HR, and CRM will deploy as-a-service. Companies must meet compliance mandates to ensure necessary Segregation of Duties (SoD) policies across diverse applications. Organizations will also require deeper visibility into managed and unmanaged users/devices accessing SaaS applications.
Usage promotes devOps models in which developers spin up environments like virtual machines and containers and push them to production using automation. But immature automation here can circumvent security practices — enterprises must consider DevSecOps and Privileged Access Management. As the Solarwinds hack reminds, organizations must also vet service vendors and ensure proper controls and operating standards. For example, reassessing global shared administrative access privileges typically used by legacy applications. Companies must also contend with compliance management and threat analytics for IaaS workloads.
Includes platforms used to build and deploy applications in cloud-based runtime environments or to invoke API-based services. Companies must enable API Security and web and mobile Application Access Management.
Additionally, enterprises need to harden data management practices as the use of cloud-based collaboration platforms like Microsoft 365, Box, and Dropbox grows. BYOD model popularity means basic data encryption is no longer enough.
As cloud use normalizes, companies should plan to “manage privileges, access, and ensure configuration management,” guides Prakash.
Another concern is how enterprises overestimate the responsibility of public cloud providers. Sinha notes how hackers carried out the recent Capital One breach through an insecure infrastructure component. With a shared responsibility model, providers like Microsoft or AWS control data center security infrastructure that hosts customers’ resources. Customers themselves are responsible for securing access to the existing data resources.
Cloud benefits are clear, and movement from on-prem is certainly worthwhile. But optimizing and securing workloads in the cloud is not as easy as just lift-and-shift.
Forrester now estimates that 80% of data breaches connect to compromised privileged credentials, including passwords, tokens, keys, and certificates. As threat vectors expand, organizations are actively replacing the traditional “trust but verify” model for managing access.
In its place: zero trust security.
Zero trust is not a technology; it is a mindset. The philosophy assumes that attackers exist inside and outside a network, so no user or machine is to be implicitly trusted. Sue Bohn, Partner Director of Program Management at Microsoft sees zero trust as the cornerstone of a new era for security and governance – with identity at the center.
As threat actors increasingly use malware and social engineering to steal credentials and take over accounts, enterprises must strengthen their security posture. Saviynt sees a movement away from standing access and ‘superusers.’ Taking their place are zero standing privilege and just-in-time provisioning. MJ Kaufmann, security specialist at Saviynt, suggests environments that only allow elevated privileges temporarily can narrow potential attack scope.
We also expect deeper monitoring and risk-based analyses of access requests in addition to micro-segmentation and multi-factor authentication investments. For example: artificial intelligence and machine learning assess the reasonability of requests or flag potential compliance violations and anomalous request behaviors. Microsoft’s Bohn suggests monitoring suspicious behavior and using “continuous access evaluations to terminate sessions in real-time” to improve zero-trust standing.
Like Vanessa Gale, Head of Identity and Access Management at Origin Energy, mentioned during the CONVERGE 20 Roadshow, we also believe that SMBs are the next wave of zero-trust adopters:
“It isn’t only companies like Google considering the concept. Smaller organizations realize that they can’t rely on network controls and office settings, and are also creating new perimeters. [They] need to take a zero-trust approach and utilize access management controls to support it.”
– Vanessa Gale, Head of Identity and Access Management at Origin Energy
Similarly, we anticipate interest in another use case – applying zero trust to the myriad unmanaged IoT devices on organizations’ networks. However, companies will deal with visibility issues as few devices support traditional authentication and authorization processes. To enable zero trust, companies will invest in smarter device identity technologies and ongoing behavior verification.
Zero trust will accelerate as companies realize how essential continuous risk evaluation now is. As Saviynt CEO Amit Saha admits: “A single risk assessment at login is no longer enough.”
Recently, the former director of the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, warned hospitals and healthcare companies about a devastating ransomware from a Russian cybercriminal group. His message: assume it is inside your house.
The warning followed alerts from the FBI and other federal agencies warning of “credible information of an increased and imminent cybercrime threat to U.S. hospitals and healthcare providers.”
Today, a healthcare data record may be valued at $250 per record on the black market compared to $5.40 for the next highest value record (a payment card), according to one report. As hackers take advantage of health organizations’ time and pressure constraints, ransomware payments are also inflating.
In a recent discussion at Saviynt’s CONVERGE 20 roadshow, Intermountain Healthcare’s Michael Allred reinforced the idea, noting how compromised personal data is the first step toward the billions of dollars in available federal financing for Medicare and Medicaid.
Experian describes the coming year as a ‘cyber-demic,’ calling COVID-19 vaccine rollout information and personal healthcare data “particularly vulnerable.”
Information Week notes how healthcare providers’ “critical need for resilient systems to address surge care capacity” indicates a mass, coming cloud migration. Cloud use cases will include patient data storage and access, querying and analyzing clinical datasets, health tracking between medical devices and EHR applications, responsive platforms for telehealth delivery, and flexible workforce management models.
As we’ve shared, cloud migration makes it harder to control and secure access to PHI. Overall connectedness adds to cybersecurity risks, exposes health entities’ need for systems resilience, and requires intelligent compliance to meet various SOX, PCI, NIST, and HIPAA/HITRUST requirements.
Further, network integrity is difficult because of the volume of interconnected devices and information sharing across vendors and partners (claims processors, bill collectors, accounting firms, claims clearinghouses, medical transcriptionists, etc).
In 2020, 90% of the breaches Experian serviced were healthcare or telehealth related. Meanwhile, new statistics show a 45% increase in cyberattacks against the global healthcare sector since November — over double an increase of 22% against all worldwide industries in the same time period.
In 2021 and beyond, expect the trend to continue. As Bloomberg guides: “Attackers know that organizations are so desperate to build ventilators, or to stop people from getting sick, and they are trying to exploit that.”
On November 3, 2020, California’s approved Proposition 24, a ballot measure creating the California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA). The measure expands the state’s previous privacy law (CCPA) – itself only a few years old. Among other changes, the CPRA introduces a new regulated category of “sensitive personal information” and provides consumers new access and opt-out rights.
Nationally, the senate is considering several other proposals for data privacy and security legislation. Pending outcomes affect how U.S. businesses conduct online activities with respect to issues like IoT, annual reporting and certification requirements, and personal data use in facial recognition.
Whether CCPA will become an example for other states or a blueprint for countries considering an alternative to GDPR remains to be seen. Meanwhile, China announced its own initiative to set global standards on data security.
Other significant data regulations were approved last year, including Brazil’s Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados (LGPD) and Thailand’s Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA). The LGPD closely models the EU’s GDPR and requires companies to adopt security, technical, and administrative practices to protect consumers’ data.
Thailand’s PDPA goes into effect May 31, 2021, and includes some of the GDPR’s stricter requirements, including the need for data protection officers, greater protection for sensitive categories of data, and an extraterritorial reach. Violators face both the risk of fines and criminal prosecution and imprisonment.
Wired reports the California law puts pressure on Congress to act at the national level, even as businesses protest the idea of patchwork state requirements. No matter how ambitious legislation grows, we have entered a new age of evolving regulation. Companies need to consider overarching Identity Governance and Administration (IGA) and, by extension, Identity Access Management (IAM) and the means to manage user identities and govern access to personal data to satisfy changing the law.
We expect non-compliance issues to grow as companies wade through changes and attempt to harden the variety of processes – from HR onboarding to customer offboarding – that touch the data protected by the various legislations.
Examples of disunified C-suites are everywhere. Misalignment around digital transformation and related investments is a leading factor.
In many companies, leaders with low technology proficiency occupy the C-suite. Unfortunately, a view of digital transformation as a series of CIO or CTO-led tactics persists. But digitization blurs traditional role limits in the C-suite – and companies need to re-organize.
Consider, for example, digital activities such as product experience, customer journey analysis, and analytics. As Financier Worldwide shares, these “fall somewhere in between the remits of the CMO and the CIO and, as such, collaboration between these two executives must drive digital.”
Next year, we expect new C-suite dynamics; roles will morph, and responsibilities will shift. In many cases, companies will add new titles in the executive office.
We recently dug up a fifteen-year-old article proposing the Chief Identity Officer role. The writer lauds the idea of a single office owning IdM solutions and user identities. The position wouldn’t have the same concerns generalist IT leaders do; charging leaders to find solutions that enable the business, facilitate ease-of-use, and also maintain strict security guidelines. No doubt, the idea was ahead of its time. The conversation went cold until a few years when an IAM analyst posed a similar point:
“As companies SaaS-ify their operations, they need a cloud-focused leader with business acumen. This leader will have to battle legacy mindsets around running a company on traditional data centers versus moving to the cloud.”
-Vibhuti Sinha, Chief Cloud Officer at Saviynt
Companies will depend on cloud officers to support internal infrastructure and product innovations, including securing the company’s own platform or service. According to Sinha, they must also be evangelists – engaging the development and testing communities – while continuously enforcing security policies.
In years past, if an enterprise wanted to build out identity governance, it would have to bolt-on a separate privileged access product to manage certain accounts – such as those for IT administrators. The disparate tech added new challenges for companies modernizing their IT infrastructure in the cloud:
Adam Barngrover, Principal Solution Strategist at Saviynt, reminds us how critical assets have changed, with workloads spinning up and down within days and hours. Admins can now connect to the cloud executing privileged activities via direct console access, RDP, and command line. At each new access point, a new risk needs to be managed and monitored.
Although security-conscious organizations invest in integrations between PAM and IGA tools, they must still maintain and provision access to critical access across two systems. Given the complexities of integrating IGA and PAM, organizations may overlook governance. With convergence, risk awareness and governance is available on day zero.
In 2021 and 2022, we predict that more enterprises will introduce combined PAM and IGA into their cloud-migration plans. Purpose-built platforms that integrate the two disciplines – including adding privileged access directly in the endpoint system and securing privileged access to applications running in the cloud – will support this. Beyond this, SaaS-delivered, converged IAM platforms will be the preferred adoption method for IGA, AM and PAM in more than 45% of new IAM deployments by 2023, suggests Gartner.
As Simeio’s Troy Keur shares: “These worlds are colliding quickly; it is simply illogical to manage privileged identities with separate workflows, systems, and governance.”
Identity governance strategies have historically fixed on the question: “Who has access to what?” As the range of identities, including RPA, IoT, and service accounts grows in the cloud, enterprises must also ask, “What are these users doing with their access?”
Moving ahead, we expect more in-depth use of AI/ML technologies to improve risk awareness and decision making for identity-related business processes. One application area ripe for improvement is risk modeling.
Enterprises can take advantage of intelligent risk scoring – based on usage data, behavioral analytics, and peer group analysis – to optimize access certification, requests, role management, and other access management assignments and processes.
Eventually, we expect the elimination of human intervention in access decision-making. While this is not a 2021 revelation, automated access provisioning may soon normalize. For example, instead of providing a Salesforce admin 24/7 administrator privileges, access is granted in real-time and is task-specific – once the admin logs out, access is revoked. AI for adaptive decision making, including applying technologies that consider location data or device insights (like irregular mouse movements) is an emerging use case.
Deloitte notes the opportunity for behavioral analytics to create baseline markers of normal user behaviors. Alongside, NLP tools would develop user profiles and monitor for abnormal occurrences–and learn (and infer) from behavior patterns. This supports faster, frictionless identity related decision making.
We foresee more dynamic risk-based scoring that adapts to user behaviors and attributes, even across an ecosystem of devices, cloud-workloads, and user types. Enterprises will also invest in smarter Attribute-based Access Controls (ABAC) to manage modern identities. These tools incorporate intelligent analytics to create attributes such as user, object, action, or environment characteristics and dictate how a role can operate. Using automation for role-mining, security leaders will create authoritative identity sources.
Intermountain Healthcare’s Allred cites his organization as an example of how frictionless ML-decision making will expand: “Reviewing user-behavior and auditing access for 50,000 users is simply not sustainable.”
Simeio’s Keur also anticipates more AI/ML-guided responses to outlying behaviors flagged by UEBA tools. He expects security leaders to connect user analytic tools to IAM solutions to move past “just giving users permissions and flying blind.”
Identity intelligence powered by AI/ML improves risk awareness, reduces over-entitlement, helps companies identify inactive user accounts, streamlines certification efforts, and increases revocation rates. The ROI is too high to ignore.
Each of these trends highlight an opportunity to build a proactive security posture. Enterprises that consider these – and then make identity-centered decisions and investments in response – will outpace those that don’t.
So take steps now to secure your workforce for the future. Reduce your access and compliance costs. Accelerate cloud adoption. Together we can build a modern approach to identity security.
Saviynt is the leading identity governance platform built for the cloud. It helps enterprise customers accelerate modern cloud initiatives and solve the toughest security and compliance challenges in record time. The Saviynt Enterprise Identity Cloud converges IGA, granular application access, cloud security, and privileged access into the industry’s only enterprise-grade SaaS solution. Learn more at Saviynt.com